Benin is a country with a rich diversity mainly due to the presence of multiple ethnicities that are living in the country. This diversity can better be witnessed by anyone traveling throughout the different areas within the territory. From the fon living in the south to the Bariba living in the North, it’s a treat to see that a small country of less than 13 millions habitants has such a beautiful cultural makeup.
One particular and very interesting small tribe that is fascinating to discover are Peulh and are particularly called the Fulanis. They can’t be missed as they have very beautiful and striking features and their lifestyles are one to be admired by many. Thye are nomad. Leave with very little yet remain happy and content with their of life. Both men and women take a lot of pride in their looks by wearing make up and clothing attires that are striking and leave much to desire. When one meet a Fulani, they get this nonchalant sense of pride. They don’t live to impress. They live to survive and be happy with the most minimal resources they have.
History of the Fulani
The Fulani come from ancient Egypt. Several archeologist have their theory on how they’ve migrated in different areas of Africa. According to André Arcin, a french historian, Fulanis have migrated from the northern edge of the Sahara to southern Morocco. Histaurian Tauxier advocates that they’ve traveled through the roads of southern Algeria and emigrated from their country of origin ( Middle Egypt ) to the sixth century BCE . Berenger – Feraud , Verneau and other historian also confirmed the their of traveling through the northern route during their migration. The Sahara is excluded because it was considered as a harsh desert and uninhabitable country especially for a population whose main economy is livestock. This first migration from east to west is how it’s believed they’ve reach the Senegal River valley around eighth century AD. In addition, Fulani settlement was also made by successive waves of migration in different regions and at different times . All historians , however, emphasized the historical importance of this population in West Africa where some have now settled and created small theocratic states: Macina in Mali, Futa Toro and Futa Jalon in Middle Guinea.