African dance, performing art deeply woven into the social fabric of Africa and generally involving aspects of music and theatre as well as rhythmic bodily movement. See also African music and mask.
Rock painting of a dance performance, Tassili-n-Ajjer, Alg., attributed to the Saharan period.
THE CULTURAL POSITION OF DANCE
In African societies, dance serves a complex diversity of social purposes. Within an indigenous dance tradition, each performance usually has a principal as well as a number of subsidiary purposes, which may express or reflect the communal values and social relationships of the people.